New regulations were introduced last year to improve health and safety in the building industry. They recognise that people who have construction work carried out on their home have a responsibility when it comes to health and safety.
Now, health and safety is often derided, and sometimes with good cause, however in term of construction it is a very serious matter.
According to a Health and Safety Executive report, in 2014/15, there were 35 fatal injuries to workers in the construction sector. Each year between 2012/13 and 2014/15, 65,000 construction workers were injured at work. Around 25% of these injuries were so serious that the worker was off work for more than seven days.
The good news is that the regulations governing health and safety have had a hugely positive effect on the industry. However, as the statistics show, there is clearly still work to do.
To this end, the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (or CDM 2015 as they’re known) make health and safety the number one priority for everyone involved in a building project. Virtually everyone, including the client, has duties to fulfil when it comes to health and safety and is considered to be a dutyholder.
While this might sound scary, the regulations also recognise that people who have construction work carried out on their home are very rarely health and safety experts.
If you are having work done on your own home, or the home of a family member, and it is not in connection with a business, the regulations consider you to be a domestic client. As a domestic client, your responsibilities can be – and usually are – passed to other dutyholders.
Although you are not expected to actively manage or supervise the work yourself, you have a big influence over the way the work is carried out. The regulations say that whatever the size of your project, you decide which designer and contractor will carry out the work and how much money, time and resource is available. The decisions you make therefore have an impact on the health, safety and welfare of workers and others affected by the work.
However, as we’ve said, your responsibilities normally pass to other dutyholders. They are normally transferred to the contractor for single contractor projects or the principal contractor for projects with more than one contractor.
The main responsibility you have under CDM 2015 as a Domestic Client is to appoint a principal contractor and principal designer when there is more than one contractor involved on your project.
Should you fail to appoint the principal contractor, principal designer and designate the client duties, the principal contractor and principal designer duties automatically transfer to the main contractor and designer for the project and the client duties transfer to the principal contractor.
However, as a domestic client, you may choose to have either of these parties take on the ‘client duties’ as specified under CDM 2015. The difference is that if you want your appointed architect, as your principal designer, to also take on the client duties, you must have a written agreement confirming they have agreed (as principal designer) to take on the client duties as well as their own responsibilities.
When you work with Communion Architects, we recommend that you ask us to manage the project as the principal designer and take on the client duties instead of the principal contractor. We will provide you with the documentation to let us do this. This will give you peace of mind that you have actively discharged your responsibilities under this new law and the client duties as specified under CDM 2015 will be competently executed.
For more information on Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015, this Health and Safety Executive leaflet has been written for homeowners having building work done on their home.